"State Liability Statutes"

-PENNSYLVANIA-

 

 

EQUINE ACTIVITY IMMUNITY ACT

 

Act of Dec. 22, 2005, P.L. 472, No. 93 Cl. 42

 

AN ACT

 

Providing for immunity for equine owners, possessors or handlers.

 

The General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania hereby enacts as follows:

 

Section 1. Scope.
看看看看看 This act shall apply to an individual, group, club or business entity that sponsors, organizes, conducts or provides the facilities for an equine activity as defined in this act.
Section 2. Immunity.
看看看看看 (a) Assumption of risk.--As to those within the scope of this act, liability for negligence shall only be barred where the doctrine of knowing voluntary assumption of risk is proven with respect to damages due to injuries or death to an adult participant resulting from equine activities.
看看看看看 (b) Equine activities.--For the purposes of this act, immunity shall apply where an equine is utilized in the following manner:

 

看看看看看 (1) Equine training, teaching, riding instruction, shows, fairs, parades, competitions or performances which involve breeds of equine participating in an activity. This paragraph shall include, but not be limited to, dressage, hunter and jumper shows, Grand Prix jumping, three-day eventing, combined training, rodeos, reining, cutting, team penning and sorting, driving, pulling, barrel racing, steeplechasing, English and Western performance riding and endurance and nonendurance trail riding. This paragraph shall also include Western games, gymkhana, hunting, packing, therapeutic riding and driving and recreational riding.
看看看看看 (2) Equine or rider and driver training, teaching, instruction or evaluation. This paragraph includes clinics, seminars and demonstrations.
看看看看看 (3) Boarding equines, including normal daily care.
看看看看看 (4) Breeding equines, whether by live cover or artificial insemination.
看看看看看 (5) Inspecting, riding or evaluating an equine belonging to another by a purchaser or agent, whether or not the owner of the equine has received anything of value for the use of the equine or is permitting a prospective purchaser or a purchaser's agent to ride, drive, inspect or evaluate the equine.
看看看看看 (6) Recreational rides or drives which involve riding or other activity involving the use of an equine.
看看看看看 (7) Placing, removing or replacing of horseshoes or the trimming of an equine's hooves.
看看看看看 (8) Leading, handling or grooming of an equine. Section 3. Signing.
看看看看看 This act shall provide immunity only where signing is conspicuously posted on the premises on a sign at least three feet by two feet, in two or more locations, which states the following:
看看看看看 You assume the risk of equine activities pursuant to Pennsylvania law.
Section 4. Equine propensity.
看看看看看 Evidence of viciousness of the equine shall not be required before a possessor of an equine shall be subject to liability for harm.
Section 5. Effect on other laws.
看看看看看 This act shall not affect common law or any statute for the protection of the user of the equine. In no event shall this act apply to any matter involving a motor vehicle covered by 75 Pa.C.S. Ch. 17 (relating to financial responsibility) or a successor act or to any non-equine-related activity or entity.
Section 6. Construction.
看看看看看 The immunity provided for by this act shall be narrowly construed.
Section 7. Effective date.
看看看看看 This act shall take effect in 60 days.

 

 

 

 

 



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Sincerely,
Gayle S. Leith D.V.M., M.S. Diplomate of the American Board of Veterinary Practitioners Certified in Equine Practice
www.azequine.com


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